Sump Pump Basics Every Homeowner Should Know
Maybe you have been fortunate before. The torrential rains have run off of your roof and through your downspouts. Still, your basement has remained dry. If your neighborhood experiences any sewer difficulties, however, you might as well stock your basement with large mouth bass and take up fishing. Water can totally ruin your cellar, damaging any goods you have down there and creating a fertile ground for harmful mold and mildew to develop.
A sump pump is a great answer to prevent flooding. This electrical device collects water in a sump basin which is commonly made of concrete or metal and holds between fifteen and twenty-five gallons or roughly sixty to one-hundred liters. It then pumps the collected water away from the house into a spot which will no longer allow basement flooding. Generally, this is a dry well or storm drain. In some instances, it might also dump into a sanitary sewer. However, in many areas this is now against plumbing codes. Check with your city government before connecting your sump pump to a sewer.
If you have a big basement or a LOT of water, it would be sensible to have multiple pumps to reduce the workload on each pump. If your single pump is barely keeping up and it breaks, catastrophe will ensue. It is also sensible to have have a battery back-up sump pump. Even if you have only a minor water issue which one pump easily handles, you also need a battery back-up sump pump to help if the power fails during a storm. The back-up pump can also be switched on to take care of any overload during heavier water flow.
To keep your basement dry, you also have to clean, maintain, and test your sump pump(s). To test, simply fill the applicable pump with water until it reaches the critical level and see if the pump engages. Cleaning the pump calls for removing sand, gravel, dirt or other particles from the pump. Check not only the outflow system, but also the valve that turns the pump on when the water gets too high. If that small valve is stopped up, a perfectly functioning pump will sit idle and let your basement flood since it cannot sense the water level! Keep your sump pump clean and avoid not only flooding, but also other problems such as foundation movement because of saturated ground.